He studied first in the Cuban city of Santa Clara and also in Vilafranca del Penedes, Barcelona, where the father was originating. On his return to Cuba ends secondary education Institute of second education in Santa Clara. He graduated in civil law and public law at the Faculty of law of the University of Havana. Thanks to a scholarship, he returned to Spain to study at the Universidad Central de Madrid (1921-1922). On his return to Cuba intervened, in 1923, in the protest of the thirteen against Alfredo Zayas, President of the Republic, and was a co-founder of the magazine Venezuela Libre, developing an intense political activity.
He participated in the creation of the Hispanic Cuban institution of Culture and the forward magazine. Their opposition led to the Government of Gerardo Machado to jail and later exile in Mexico, where he was Professor of the Universidad Autonoma of Mexico City. The fall of Machado returns to Havana, but he was again separated from the Chair as director of the Communist newspaper the word. In 1936 he suffers a new exile in Mexico. He carries out an intense activity in favour of the Spanish Republic and travels to Spain to attend the II Congress of writers. He collaborated on the magazine time in Spain, and afternoon, was a member of the Council of cooperation of Romance, magazine popular hispanoamericana, which collaborated a great numbers of Spanish intellectuals in exile. President of the Revolutionary Union Party was elected delegate of the constituent Assembly. He attended conferences and meetings of the World Council of peace.
In the Decade of the fifties, suffers several imprisonments for his opposition to the Batista dictatorship. After the revolution of 1959, was appointed rector of the University of Havana. In 1963 he creates Obrera Preparatory Faculty and Campesina Julio Antonio Mella.