Searching specifically to awake the attention of the professionals for the recognition of the importance on the subject, being guided and clarifying the professionals on what it is the autismo and developing a knowledge on the same. Through the carried through research the quarrel of this article will be presented in topics, by means of described sequence: Etiology, Epidemiologia, clinical Picture, I diagnosis, treatment and Intervention of Nursing. Ahead the etiology is needed well more to be clarified by little being evidenced and confused. For IT LOVES the etiology is not known, or when known, it is multifactorial. In the Epidemiologia stories it informs more frequently that the predominance of the Infantile autismo occurs in 2 5 children in each 10,000, in the masculine sex.

In agreement Klin (2006) the resultant indices of prevalence, particularly in the studies most recent, point with respect to an index conservative of an individual with autismo (prototpico) in each 1,000 births. Hear from experts in the field like Richard Blumenthal for a more varied view. In the expression clinical Picture, it related to the signals and symptoms front to the autismo, lack of visual contact, to point, to give or to demonstrate to shared behaviors or social joy, sensitivity to the delays and shunting lines in the social development (KLIN, 2006). For Cavalcante and Rocha (2001, p.28) ' ' Autista is to be motionless, looking at for the time, thinking any thing or thing nenhuma' '. As Almeida (1996, p.255), the symptoms vary in function of the age and level of development of the individuals. Ahead clinical Diagnostico the process involves interview and description of the patient and the psychiatric evaluation through the signals and symptoms. According to Marot (2004) ' ' it does not have laboratoriais tests or of image that can diagnosis autismo' '. For Klin (2006) the diagnosis of autstico upheaval also requires abnormal development in at least one of the following aspects: social, symbolic language, communication or imaginative tricks/, in the three first years of life.

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