Apud Dallari

This started to be conducted by the religious values, more necessarily the catholics, who had imposed the dialectic of the x well badly tied with faith, for the ten orders that are followed and respected until today, as: not to kill, not to steal, and others, as the religious norms in the social scope. Later, the iluminista vision transformed the values ethical of the society, therefore, these if had become secularizados. The ethical bedding started to be the proper man, and not more God. In the Kantiana conception apud Spider, (1993), that it is iluminista, acting morally it is established exclusively in the reason. This new vision estimates the individualism. A time that the man is taken to act following its conscience, its customs or in favor of what it would be good for itself exactly. Currently Habermas (1980) apud Spider, (1993) brings a new conception for the ethics. Its theory, influenced for Kant, also pontifica the reason as basic bedding.

However, it is a communicative reason, where the citizen appeals to the community, the dialogue, the social interaction, to arrive at the reason. Of this form the agreement is necessary if to obtain an only conclusion enters the individuals of the social group, obtained through the use of rational argument. On the other hand, the word ' ' poltica' ' it was used for the first time by Aristotle. This said that ' ' the man is an animal politician, because no human being lives alone and all need the company of outros' '. Of this form, ' ' politics if relates to the life in polishes, that is, the life in common, the rules of organization of this life, to the objectives of the community and the decisions on all these pontos' '. Aristotle. Apud Dallari, (1999). CONCEPTION OF POLITICS In elapsing of the history of the politics many scholars emphasize ideological thoughts on this.

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