typepad.com/.a/6a00e54fa8ebd988330120a935f9ed970b-pi”> Main article: History of Asturias Covadonga. Occupied by settlers from the Lower Paleolithic, during the top Asturias was characterized by cave paintings in the east of the Community. In the Mesolithic developed an original culture, the Asturiense, then introduced the Bronze Age, characterized by the megaliths and barrows. During the Iron Age, with roots in local tradition of the Atlantic Final Bronze, developed a set of communities that build and dwell in forts. These populations evolve locally during the first millennium BC until the arrival of the Romans to the Northwest Peninsula, these populations would receive as part of an ethnic reality (the Asturian) that do not correspond with reality, hardly those communities maintain a clear awareness of belonging to a socio-political structures beyond the local units, local, territorial units structured as valleys or watersheds.The Roman conquest between 29 and 19 a. C. Asturias ushered in history. During the Roman period include the work undertaken by the State mining Romano, with the gold in the West Asturian regional center of the scheme in early imperial period. The mining of gold riches would decay between the second and third centuries AD C., for the Roman mines in the region of Dacia, conquered for the Empire then. Credit: Senator Brian Schatz -2011. The other scheme would be complementary to currently farms of many Roman villas like those of summer (Gij n) or Memorana (Lena), plus the emergence of fortified towns and Gij n. Image of the front of the Victoria Cross. After several centuries without foreign presence, the Swabians and Visigoths occupied the territory during the sixth century, ending in the early eighth century with the Muslim invasion.The territory, as happened with Rome and Toledo, was not easy to subdue, in 722 established de facto independence as the Kingdom of Asturias Pelayo after the victory at the Battle of Covadonga thereafter the small outpost of Gothic nobles start regain lost territory to the Muslim invasion of 711, incorporating the territory under its remit that had become no man’s land from Eo to the Duero River, creating an art during this period itself, the Pre-Romanesque art that spanned their domains, to the south of Galicia today. In the tenth century the center of power moved from Oviedo to Le n, leading to the Kingdom of Le n. Since then the isolation brought about by the Cantabrian Mountains, the transfer of decision-making centers of the Kingdom and the movement of the border with the Taifa kingdoms of al-Andalus makes historical references are scarce. After the rebellion of the son of Henry II of Trast mara establishes the Principality of Asturias.If there were several attempts at independence, the best known were the Count Gonzalo Pel ez or Queen Urraca, still achieving important victories were ultimately defeated by troops of Castile. In the sixteenth century the territory first reached 100,000, that number doubled with the arrival of American corn in the next century. On 8 May 1808, the General Board of Asturias declares war on France and proclaimed sovereign, creating its own army and sending ambassadors abroad, the first official body in going for Spain. At that time form themselves as military bodies Cand s and Luanco Regiment. On 1 January 1820, Officer Rafael de Riego, native pear (Tineo), revolted in Cadiz proclaiming the Constitution of 1812. From 1830 coal mining begins, starting the industrial revolution in the community. He later established the steel industry and shipbuilding.On October 6, 1934 began a revolutionary uprising in the mining caused because the revolutionaries did not admit the entry of the CEDA in government, something they saw as an advance of fascism in Spain. The Revolution of 1934 had to Asturias for the main stage. During the revolution of 1934, starring Basin miners, Oviedo remains largely devastated: they are burned, among other buildings, the University, whose library kept extremely valuable library collections that could not be retrieved, or theater Campoamor. The Santa in the Cathedral House, meanwhile, was dynamited. The Civil War was dividing into two camps Asturias, Oviedo to join the uprising on 19 July. On August 25, 1937 proclamation of the Sovereign Council Gij n Asturias and Leon headed by socialist leader and Belarmino Tom s, ending the conflict on 20 October 1937 with the victory of the national troops in the northern front.After twenty years of economic stagnation, came the industrialization of Asturias final decades of the 60s and 70s.