Freedom Fighter Mendieta

Julian Zugazagoitia Mendieta was born in Bilbao on February 5, 1899 and was assassinated in Madrid on November 9, 1940. He was known in some circles as Zuga and used the pseudonyms of Fermin and Julian Mendieta. The son of a steelworker socialist, raised in a socialist, and at twenty years was president of Socialist Youth of Bilbao. Already in 1917 went to jail for supporting the strike movement Bilbao. In 1921 he became director of the weekly Class Struggle, from which he attacked the communist postulates. In 1924, the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera was sentenced to five years of exile in Santona, where he began his literary career. He was elected municipal councilor in Bilbao in the historic elections of April 12, 1931. In elections in June of that year Constituent Cortes of the Second Spanish Republic is elected by the province of Badajoz.

From 1932 to 1937 he was editor of El Socialista. In the last elections of the Second Republic was elected by the province of Vizcaya. In the first government of Juan Negrin, was interior minister from May 1937 to April 1938. In 1937 he participated in the II International Congress of Writers for the Defense of Culture organized by the Alliance of Antifascist Intellectuals. After cessation of minister served as general secretary of the Ministry of Defence until the end of the war provoked by the military uprising of General Franco. During the war contributed to the humane treatment of prisoners of war and helped save the lives of writers Wenceslao Fernandez Florez and Rafael Sanchez Mazas, and the Falangist Raimundo Fernandez Cuesta.

After the war began to go into exile and settled in Paris, until his arrest by the Gestapo. Zugazagoitia published articles in major publications of the time. In addition to exercising the leadership of the Socialist mouthpiece of the PSOE, was editor of El Liberal of Bilbao, owned by Indalecio Prieto, and contributor to La Vanguardia, The Flood and The Socialist Barcelona, Estampa de Madrid, Oviedo and Advancement Buenos Aires Vanguard, among others. In 1927 he founded the magazine in Bilbao Socialist Working Papers. Among the works of Zugazagoitia highlight: A heroic life.

Pablo Iglesias (1925), the first biography of the founder of PSOE and the UGT, published in the same year of his death, then write a second edition Pablo Iglesias: From his life and his work (1931), and later, third Pablo Iglesias: Life and work of a socialist worker (1935), A humble life: Thomas Meabe (1927), an anonymous life (1927 ), his first novel social, Pedernales: Itinerary of a school camp sentimental (1929), Loot (1929), The assault (1930), Russia to date (1932), Madrid. Carranza 22 (1940) and History of the War of Spain (1940), his best work. A recently published his novel The underground work (2005). And, as the unmistakable voice of the socialist writer: “I’m not anything but a socialist writer. And I do not want another title.” Francisco Arias Solis Socialists do not die: the Socialists are planted.

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