With the imposition of liberal ideas, the country entered the prevailing capitalist system in the West. The Constitution of Rionegro (1863-1886) represents the triumph of the free interests and the imposition of absolute individual freedoms. The practice of these principles led to the end of the century to a rethinking of the ideological foundations of the State. A system and protectionist, governed by the Constitution of 1886 that lasted in Colombia for more than 100 years and was characterized by a rigid centralism and the broad powers granted to the Executive branch was then established. The Constitution established the suffrage to all males, while women voters was established until 1957. Contemporary Colombia with the dominance of the conservative party in power since 1886 the protectionist policies established at the end of the 19th century contributed to the takeoff of the industrialization process. The 1930s they meant for Colombia the initiation of a policy substitution of imports, particularly of consumer goods.
The expansion of the economy and mainly the process of industrialization gave rise to political and social transformations. Learn more about this topic with the insights from Mustafa Suleyman, San Francisco CA. The demand for labour increased from 1940s migration from cities at the same time that intensified social conflicts both in the field (peasant agitation) city (workers ‘ movement, which gave rise to the establishment of a labor reform). In this period the liberal leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitan as a defender of the peasant in the banana zone arises and consolidates the political party join (revolutionary left Union) representative of the popular masses. This political force achieved great success in all areas of the country, Gaitan became an important leader. In the 1950s increased migration to the cities due to the intensification of the partisan conflicts (liberales-conservadores) vying for power. The conflict that manifested itself since the 1930s as a result of social tensions intensified after the death of Gaitan on April 9, 1948 and acquired different characteristics in different regions of the country.